About Maputo in Mozambique
Founded at the end of the 18th century, the city was named Lourenço Marques after the Portuguese merchant who explored the bay in 1544. In 1895, the construction of a railroad to Pretoria, South Africa, increased the population.
In 1907, the city became the capital of Portuguese East Africa, which would later become Mozambique.
The city changed its name to Maputo after independence, the decision was announced by President Samora Machel at a rally on February 3, 1976.6 and formalized on March 13.
The name comes from the Maputo River, which marks the southern limit of the country and which, during Mozambique’s war of independence, acquired resonance through the slogan “Viva Moçambique unido do Rovuma ao Maputo” (Rovuma is the river that forms the northern border with Tanzania).
With independence, the city experienced a massive influx of population due to the civil war in the country (1976-1992) and the lack of infrastructure in rural areas.
The natural population growth would also cause the city to be much transformed in the 1980s and 1990s.
Beyond these two designations, the city and its area is also known by other names, such as Bay Lagoon, Xilunguíne or Chilunguíne (where Portuguese is spoken), Mafumo, Camfumo or Campfumo (clan of M’pfumo, the most important kingdom that existed in this region), Delagoa and Delagoa Bay, this designation is better known internationally at least until the early years of the 20th century
Between 1980 and 1988 Maputo together with the city of Matola, formed the Great Maputo, with an area of 633 km².
Since 2010, the municipality was named KaM’pfumo, to commemorate the historical name
The country; Mozambique
Mozambique is a tropical country made up of vast savannas with grasslands and dense forests. The Portuguese arrived in the country in 1498 and left it abruptly in 1975, leaving the nation without qualified personnel and without machinery, a circumstance that, together with territorial struggles, have plunged Mozambique into misery.
Currently its warm water beaches and national parks are attracting numerous visitors, mainly from South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Official name : Republic of Mozambique
Area : 799,380 square meters
Population : 16,100,000 inhabitants
Capital : Maputo
Official language : Portuguese, Bantu languages are also spoken
Religion : Animist cults, Christianity and Islam
Main primary products : Cotton, almonds, tea , sugar, cassava, cereals, bananas, coconuts, nuts and coal
Important industries : Agriculture, textiles, processed foods, cement, mining and chemical and oil products
Time difference : Two hours more than GMT
Documentation necessary to travel to Mozambique
To enter the country it is necessary to present the passport with a minimum validity of 6 months, mandatory visa, exit ticket and reason for the visit. The visa can be obtained at the Mozambican embassy in Johanesburgo.
Most tourists come from South Africa, so below we indicate where to go to obtain the documentation if you come from this country.
- DIRECTION: 95 Oxford Road, Saxonwold – Johannesburg (Sudáfrica)
- TELEPHONE: (+27) 11 327 5704
- FAX: (+27) 11 327 5711
- EMAIL: [email protected] // [email protected]
Mozambique’s official currency is the Meticai, divided into 100 cents. There are 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000 and 10,000 meticais bills, as well as 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 meticais coins. The import and export of currency is totally prohibited. You can make currency exchange at banks, the airport and in some hotels. American dollars are accepted in much of the country. The main credit cards are accepted in the capital in most hotels and in some shops and restaurants.
Climate in Mozambique
The northern part of the country has a tropical climate, while in the southern area the climate is subtropical. The average annual temperature is around 25 degrees Celsius, the coolest period being from April to September and the hottest from October to May. The rainy season runs from January to March.
Electricity Mozambique’s electric current is 220 volts at 50 Hz.
What and how to see in Mozambique Maputo
Despite the civil war, it still has some of the beauty of yesteryear. In it you can visit the Museum of the Revolution or the municipal market. On Saturday mornings, a craft market is held in the park next to Samora Machel Avenue. It is interesting to visit the train station, recently restored and featuring a copper dome. For fun there is the Costa do Sol, a tourist center 5 kilometers away. You can take a ferry excursion to the Xefina Islands and Macaneta Beach or a boat trip on the Incomati River.
This is one of the most important ports in Mozambique, as well as the terminus of the Zimbabwe and Malawi oil and rail pipeline. There are no great monuments to visit in Beira, however it turns out to be a quiet and charming city. It is worth the visit to the port and as for the beaches, Macuti stands out to the north.
It is one of the must-sees in Mozambique. It is full of Portuguese colonial buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries as well as old mosques, churches and palaces. In 1994 a cyclone caused numerous damage to the architecture of the city. Vilanculos This is a small fishing village, very popular with travelers. It has good beaches and near the coast are the islands of the Bazaruto archipelago with beautiful landscapes.
It is not easy to find quality photographic material in the country, so it is recommended to bring everything you need. Photos cannot be taken of public buildings or military installations.
It is recommended to always drink bottled water. Caution with ice and food washed with tap water.
Geography of Mozambique
The Republic of Mozambique is bordered to the north by Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia, to the south by the Republic of South Africa and Swaziland, to the west by Zimbabwe and Zambia and to the east by the Indian Ocean.
The Tropic of Capricorn runs through the southern part of the country. Almost more than half of the territory is less than 230 meters above sea level, the highest part being along the border with Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi.
The coast stretches 2,470 kilometers from north to south, and is also very rugged. The main rivers of the country are the Zambezi, the Limpopo, the Lúrio and the Rovuma
Gastronomy of Mozambique
Taking into account the kilometers of coastline of Mozambique, it is not surprising the variety of fish and shellfish that we can taste. Due to its colonial past, many of the Mozambican dishes are based on Portuguese cuisine.
The most typical dish in the country is called goat water, made from goat meat, rum, vegetables, onion, wheat flour and thyme. Another typical dish is the matata, a kind of clam stew in peanuts, a recipe without Portuguese influence. Be sure to try the green feijao or bean soup, simple but exquisite.
Among the desserts, the ananas with vinho do porto stand out. In the capital, Maputo, you will find restaurants or luxury hotels, where you can taste both local and international food. Among the drinks that we can find, rum and the occasional liquor stand out.
History of Mozambique
Between the eighth and fourteenth centuries, numerous ports emerged that maintained economic relations with the Arabs. In 1498 Vasco de Gama arrived in Mozambique and in 1507 Portugal occupied the country.
Until the 19th century there was a slave trade. In 1951 it was declared an Exterior Province of Portugal. And in 1962 the war of independence begins.
In 1975 independence was achieved, leaving the country about 500,000 people. In 1977, a civil war began until the 1991 ceasefire. Two years later, multiparty elections were held.
Health and vaccinations before traveling to Mozambique
No vaccination is mandatory for entry into the country, however typhus, hepatitis B, malaria, yellow fever and meningitis are recommended. Sanitary conditions are bad throughout the country.
Malaria is endemic in the country and there are sporadic outbreaks of cholera and meningitis. About 14 percent of the population is infected with the AIDS virus.
Security Conditions in Mozambique
The interior of cities and in general the entrances are dangerous areas in which it is recommended not to carry valuables in sight or to show off.
Due to the past civil war there are numerous mines buried throughout the country, sandy tracks, secondary roads and leaving the main roads should be avoided.
The beaches are dangerous due to the strong tides and the presence of sharks. Public means of transport have a low degree of conservation, which, together with the lack of road safety measures, makes them dangerous.
Useful addresses before sightseeing in Mozambique